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What is Chlamydia?

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease caused by Chlamydia Trachomatis bacteria.  It can be passed on through vaginal, anal and oral sex. Symptoms of chlamydia are not easily detected, hence it is always better to have safe sex using condoms.  Chlamydia if not treated in time then it can lead to many other health problems including the increased risk of being infected by HIV.

Symptoms of Chlamydia

In Women:

  • Increased vaginal discharge
  • Pain during urination
  • Pain while having sex and/or bleeding after sex
  • Consistent pain in the lower abdomen especially during sex
  • Excessive bleeding during periods

In men:

  • Creamy or watery discharge from penis
  • Pain while urinating
  • Pain in the testicles

When to go for test to diagnose Chlamydia?

Chlamydia cannot be diagnosed by referring to the pictures of affected areas because symptoms may vary from person to person. If you suspect that you have Chlamydia, a qualified doctor or HIV specialist is the best person to take advice from.

Chlamydia Treatment

Chlamydia is easily curable – chlamydia treatment usually consists of a single dose antibiotic.

What can happens if Chlamydia is not treated?

Chlamydia can increase the risk of other STDs, including HIV.

Chlamydia can affect women in following manners:

  • Salpingitis (Blocked Fallopian tubes)  – Inflammation of the Fallopian tubes which can cause infertility.
  • PID (Pelvic inflammatory disease) – Uterus, ovaries and Fallopian tubes can be infected.
  • Bartholinitis (Swollen Bartholin’s glands) – The glands which produce a woman’s lubricating mucus can get blocked and infected, leading to a cyst which can further develop into an abscess.
  • Cervicitis – Inflammation in the Cervix.
  • A pregnant woman can also transfer Chlamydia to her baby.

Chlamydia can affect men in following manners:

  • Epididymitis – The tubes that carry sperm to the testicles can become Inflammated
  • Urethritis – Inflammation in the Urinary tube
  • Reactive arthritis – Pain in the joints. Inflammation in the urethra. Conjunctivitis.