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HIV Transmission

 

HIV TransmissionHIV Transmission & Risk Factors

We can get infected if these fluids enter our blood. The HIV infected fluids can reach our bloodstream through a ruptured mucous membrane (a layer that lines the vagina, rectum, penis opening, or the mouth), cuts in the skin, or injected straight into our blood. A person carrying the HIV may or may not have the symptoms but can still pass it to others. Here are the ways that tell how we get HIV.

 

How do we get HIV?

HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus is present in the following body fluids of an HIV infected person:

• Blood
• Pre-seminal fluid (pre-cum)
• Semen (cum)
• Vaginal fluids
• Rectal fluids
• Breast milk

We can get infected if these fluids enter our blood. The HIV infected fluids can reach our bloodstream through a ruptured mucous membrane (a layer that lines the vagina, rectum, penis opening, or the mouth), cuts in the skin, or injected straight into our blood. A person carrying the HIV may or may not have the symptoms but can still pass it to others. The most common ways we can get HIV are:

•  Having unprotected sex: Engaging in unprotected sex with an infected person or having anal sex or vaginal sex without a condom.
Sharing drug injecting apparatus: Sharing syringes, needles, or other devices    used for concocting and injecting drugs with an HIV infected person.
Infected blood transfusions and contaminated tissue/organ transplants: Undergoing tissue/organ transplant or receiving transfusion or platelets with blood that is infected with HIV can lead to HIV. The risk of infection through this method is relatively small as almost every clinic or medical facility tests blood for HIV before approving it for transfusions.
•  Passed on from mother-to-infant: An HIV infected mother can pass on the virus to her infant through her blood during pregnancy or at the time of delivery. Moreover, a mother can pass the disease through breast milk while breastfeeding the baby.
•  Occupational exposure: Lack of safe healthcare practices for employees working in a healthcare department as they can get Hiv from injury or cuts made by sharp objects such as needles that may be smeared with infected blood.

If you feel you have exposed yourself to the risk of HIV, find it out with an HIV test. The Hiv Counselling Doctors in Delhi Gurgaon can help you to take care of the condition.

HIV Risk Factors

You can contract HIV by coming in direct contact with body fluids of another person who has HIV . These body fluids may be injected into the body through a needle or a syringe or enter your body through certain activities such as inappropriate sexual behaviour. The possibility of contracting HIV generally depends on the sort of contact or behavior. Having unprotected sex or sharing needles are some high risk behaviors for HIV. Some HIV exposures hold a much greater possibility of transmission than others. However, the risk of getting HIV adds up sooner or later. The small possibilities add up eventually and bring about a high risk of contracting HIV. This means that engaging in rough sexual activities with an infected person just once might carry rather small possibility of getting HIV, but, when repeated several times, the general possibility of getting infected after frequent exposures becomes quite high.

You are at a high risk of getting HIV if you engage in the following Behaviours:

• Have sex with multiple partners, particularly those who inject drugs.
• Are a male who engages in sex with other men.
• Take steroids or drugs, mainly if you share syringes, needles, or other devices used for injecting drugs.
• Have unprotected anal, vaginal or oral sex
• Had suffered or have lately contracted a sexually transmitted disease, for instance, genital herpes or syphilis.
• Your partner is a high-risk person who has sex with multiple partners or is a male, who has sex with several men, or injects drugs.

Having sex with a partner who has any of the above behaviours will also put you at a greater risk for contracting other sexually transmitted diseases. If you have engaged in any of the above high risk behaviours, get yourself tested. You can consult HIV counselling doctors in India who can recommend the best possible diagnostic and treatment routine.

HIV Counselling Centre in Delhi/NCR

Look no further if you are searching for a reliable Centre HIV Counselling.  Get in touch with Dr Monga Medi Clinic New Delhi / Gurgaon.


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